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If you’re scheduled to have a surgery performed sometime soon, you might be concerned about what risks you should expect. Many people get a bit nervous about undergoing surgery, and it’s normal to feel anxious about things when you don’t know much about the risks. Generally, surgery is very safe and most general surgeries are able to be performed with a very low level of risk. Take a look at the following realistic look at surgery risks so you can know what to expect. 

Anesthesia Complications

One of the most common surgery risks that people encounter is anesthesia complications. Most people are completely fine when given anesthesia, but some people have negative reactions. On rare occasions, people can have trouble coming out of anesthesia. More common problems include nausea, elevated blood pressure, and an increased heart rate.

Bleeding Issues

It’s normal for patients to bleed during surgery, but too much bleeding can create significant problems. If a patient bleeds too much, they might need to receive a blood transfusion. Some religions prohibit the practice of blood transfusions, however. This means that many doctors have to be especially careful to keep patients safe during surgery. 

Blood Clots

Blood clots are another potential surgery risk that you should be aware of. The clots could start at the place where your surgery was performed. Some people experience blood clots due to inactivity if they are not able to move around during the recovery process. Doctors might give patients blood thinners to reduce the risk of blood clots. 


Some people have an increased risk of infection during surgery. All efforts will be made to keep this from happening, but there is a risk of infection whenever the skin is opened. Patients who are infected during surgery will be at an increased risk of complications. This is why most patients are given antibiotics prior to their surgery date just to be safe. 

Breathing Difficulties

There are also patients who experience breathing difficulties due to surgical complications. This might make it necessary for a patient to stay on a ventilator for a while during the recovery process. Problems like this are more common when a patient has a history of smoking or has some type of pulmonary disease.